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There are two main types of midges:
Biting midge are attracted to human habitation and rest on screens, fences and vegetation while waiting to take a blood meal. As the biting midge is small and easily blown about by prevailing winds, they prefer dull still days with high humidity.
The biting midges present in the Fraser Coast region are particularly active during the warmer months, September through to April each year. Midges are very active during dawn and dusk.
The impact on human health and well-being is caused by allergens in the midge saliva which reacts on people with varying degrees of sensitivity and immunity.
What can I do?
There is more work and research to be undertaken in this area, however the following steps may assist in reducing your exposure to biting midge:
Non-biting midge are often a nuisance in residential areas near wetlands because they are strongly attracted to lights. They do not bite and as such, are not vectors of disease.
During summer, the insects seek cool shady places during the day and can leave behind stains on light-coloured surfaces. They can also clog vehicle radiators, headlights, and air-conditioning units.
Residents can reduce the effect of non-biting midge in the following ways: